Caroline has a diverse civil and public law practice with particular interests in human rights, inquests, clinical negligence, personal injury and professional discipline. She was “tipped to be a ‘future star’” in the 2010 edition of Legal 500 in clinical negligence and healthcare law and as “one to watch” in the 2011 edition of Legal 500.
Caroline is instructed equally by both Claimants and Defendants. In inquests she has acted for families, medical professionals and social services. She also represents clients in claims arising out of childhood sexual abuse.
Caroline acted as junior counsel for the Treasury Solicitors in the Public Inquiry into the death of Baha Mousa, an Iraqi civilian who died in British custody in September 2003.
Her human rights work includes assisting in an application to the European Court of Human Rights. Led by Lizanne Gumbel QC on behalf of the applicants, it was contended that a local authority had breached Articles 3, 6, 8 and 13 ECHR by failing to re-house a vulnerable couple in spite of a history of abuse and harassment by teenagers. The couple and their family were very seriously assaulted and abused. The case was settled.
She is also instructed in professional discipline work, and recently was led by Martin Forde QC in a successful appeal against a Fitness to Practice Panel’s finding of dishonesty.
Caroline is a member of, and has been instructed by, AvMA. She is also a member of the BHRC, the PNBA and ALBA. In addition, she contributes to 1 Crown Office Row’s Human Rights Blog.
Bachelors in Laws and German (LL.B. (Ling. Germ))(First Class), Trinity College Dublin
Masters in Public International Law (LL.M) (First Class), London School of Economics
Bar Vocational Course (Outstanding), College of Law, London
Attorney General's C Panel of Counsel (2013)
Lizanne Gumbel QC, Caroline Cross and Peter Skelton “Inquest Law: An Update”, PI Brief Update, PIBULJ, 30 June 2011
Caroline is co-author with Rachel Marcus of the chapter "Public Accountability: Public Law, Public Participation and Access to Information" in
Environmental Law, 2nd Ed (Burnett-Hall and Jones, Eds), 2008.
“Contraception, capacity and coercion: A Local Authority v Mrs A, by her Litigation Friend, the Official Solicitor, and Mr A  EWHC 1549 (Fam)”, published online by Local Government Lawyer, September 2010
"Re P: Damages and the Human Rights Act" with Rosalind English, published online at Family Law Week.
"As clear as mud: the limitation on the regulation of 'waste' under the Waste Framework Directive R (Thames Water Utilities Ltd) v Bromley Magistrates' Court ECJ Case 252/05 "Environmental Liability" Vol 15, Issue 5, Sept-Oct 2007.
A Step Forward? Child Specific Persecution and the Common European Asylum Policy (LL.M Dissertation, 2004, available at the London School of Economics)
Legal Research Assistant for the book "Crimes of War 2.0" (Gutman, Reiff and Dworkin, Eds, 2007)
Contributor to the 1 Crown Office Row Human Rights Blog.
Significant cases include the following
Fish v GMC  The Claimant had been suspended by the GMC following a finding of dishonesty. Led by Martin Forde QC, the finding was successfully appealed and the sanction was quashed.
Inquest into the death of Martin Dunleavy . Represented the family in this five day jury inquest. The Deceased, who had exhibited paranoid behaviour leading to his arrest, had been admitted to hospital and was found in a stairwell with fatal injuries. The verdict was accidental death.
V v CICA  The Claimant suffered serious psychiatric injury following sexual abuse as a child. The level of the award by the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority was successfully appealed, resulting in a tenfold increase in the compensation.
Baha Mousa Public Inquiry [2008-2010] Led by Neil Garnham QC, junior counsel in the Public Inquiry into the death of Baha Mousa, an Iraqi civilian who died in British custody in September 2003, from 2008 until it finished in October 2010.
Application no. 32666/10 X, Y & Z v the United Kingdom  Led by Lizanne Gumbel QC, instructed in an application to the European Court of Human Rights on behalf of the applicants. It was contended that a local authority had breached the applicants’ rights under Articles 3, 6, 8 and 13 ECHR by failing to re-house a vulnerable couple in spite of a history of abuse and harassment by teenagers. The couple and their family were subsequently imprisoned in their home and very seriously assaulted and abused. The case was settled. See this link for a summary of the case
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