Marina Wheeler specialises in Public and administrative law, human rights and employment law.
Her public law and human rights work focuses on mental health, prisons, social care, armed conflict, education and privacy. Her employment work is varied but she is instructed frequently in difficult discrimination cases. She is a member of the Attorney General’s A Panel of Counsel and currently undertakes a significant volume of work for government departments, local authorities and the NHS.
Work for the NHS includes advice and representation in service reconfiguration cases involving challenges to the adequacy of consultation, alleged breaches of legitimate expectation and the Public Sector Equality Duty. Marina also has considerable Inquest experience especially where the deceased has been detained or received support in the community. She recently represented the prison service in a high-profile case involving the self-inflicted death of a child in custody.
Before starting work at the Bar, she obtained a Master’s Degree in EU law and worked in Brussels specialising in competition and environmental law.
"References to the European Court", Halsbury's Laws of England (4th Edition) Practice and Procedure, 2001
Co-author "The Civil Practitioner's Guide to the Human Rights Act 1998", Old Bailey Press, 1999
Co-author of "Human Rights and Judicial Review – Case studies and Context Bulletin", Butterworths
Accredited Mediator 2011
Attorney General’s A Panel of Counsel – February 2010
Barrister Member of Bar Disciplinary Tribunal 2009 - 2013
Attorney General’s B Panel of Counsel 2004-2010
Volunteer mediator with Common Ground – East London Community Mediation Service and member of restorative justice programme
Significant cases include the following
Belhajd and others v The Security Service and others  IPT/13/132-9/H – claims under Articles 8 and 6 relating to alleged interception of legally privileged material
NXB v CPS  EWHC 631 (QB) – HRA damages claim arising out of the failed prosecution of a man who had sexually abused the Claimant as a child, alleging breaches of the procedural obligation arising under Article 3
Serdar Mohammed v Ministry of Defence; Qasim v Secretary of State for Defence  EWHC 1369 – challenges to the power of UK Armed Forces to detain insurgents during conflict in Afghanistan. Detention beyond 96 hours breached Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Applying the principle of act of state, tort claim based on Afghan law dismissed.
Smith and Budgen v Ministry of Justice and others UKEAT/0308/12/RN (23 January 2014) – claim alleging aspects of the civil service compensation scheme were unlawful on grounds of age discrimination
R(Enfield London Borough Council) v Barnet Clinical Commissioning Group  EWHC 3496 - Judicial review of the decision to close accident and emergency department as Chase Farm Hospital from December 2013 based on alleged breach of a legitimate expectation.
R(Ealing LBC) v NHS England  EWHC 3255; (2014) 135 BMLR 128 – challenge to the decision-making process involved in the adoption of proposals for change to the provision of hospital services in north-west London.
R(Save our Surgery) v Joint Committee of Primary Care Trusts  EWHC 1011 – challenge to the consultation undertaken by the Safe and Sustainable programme to reconfigure the national provisions of paediatric cardiac surgical services
Williams v MOD  Eq.LR 27 – challenge to the compatibility with Article 6 ECHR of the rules on the jurisdiction of Tribunals to determine discrimination complaints under the Armed Forces Act 2006.
Arlington House Limited v Torbay Integrated Care Trust  EWHC 4466 QB – contractual and human rights claim brought by care home owners challenging the Health and Social Care Authority’s decision to remove elderly residents judged to be at risk of significant harm.
HM Land Registry v Benson  ICR 627;  IRLR 373 – challenge to early retirement and voluntary redundancy scheme operating to reduce headcount in clusters of local offices as being discriminatory on grounds of age and sex.
R (Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust) v Joint Committee of Primary Care Trusts & Croydon PCT  EWHC 2986 (Admin) challenge to the Consultation undertaken into the proposed reconfiguration of paediatric cardiac surgical services following the Inquiry into children’s heart surgery at the Bristol Royal Infirmary.
R (Maya Evans) v Secretary of State for Defence  EWHC 1445 (Admin) represented MOD to resist claims brought by peace activists challenging lawfulness of UK policy to transfer suspected insurgents captured during operations in Afghanistan to the Afghan authorities. Policy alleged to be unlawful due to concerns about use of torture in Afghan detention.
A v East Sussex County Council and Chief Constable of Sussex Constabulary  EWCA Civ 743 human rights act claim for damages arising out of the decision to remove a child from its mother due to suspected fabricated illness syndrome. Decision considered relationship between emergency protection orders (EPO’s) granted under section 44 Children Act 1989 and police protection orders (PPO’s) under section 46.
East Sussex CC v Stedman, Patten and News Group Newspapers Ltd  EWHC 935 (Fam) representing Mrs Stedman in wardship proceedings and supporting East Sussex County Council’s efforts to restrain and limit media reporting about the private and family lives of her teenage daughter and her granddaughter.
Josiah v MOJ  local magistrate brought proceedings against the Ministry of Justice alleging discrimination on grounds of race – issues included jurisdiction of employment tribunals in relation to claims brought by office holders against other office holders and public bodies.
Enfield LBC v Secretary of State for Health and others  EWHC 743 (Admin) judicial review proceedings challenging the re-organisation of local healthcare services.
M v Secretary of State for Justice  EWHC 768 (Admin) resisting judicial review claim in relation to the Secretary of State’s decision to retain a long-term post tariff-prisoner in closed conditions.
Singh  EWHC 2414 (Fam) acted as a special advocate to review claims of public interest immunity made by the Metropolitan Police during contested Children Act proceedings.
Re Price  represented the Prison Service and the Youth Justice Board in a 12 week inquest in relation to the death by hanging of a 16 year old in a Young Offenders’ Institution.
R (Alami and Botmeh) v Parole Board and Secretary of State for Justice  represented Secretary of State in Parole Board and judicial review proceedings where the principal issue was the risk assessment of long-term prisoners who denied the terrorist offences for which they were convicted.
R(G) v Nottingham City Council and Nottingham City NHS Hospitals Trust  represented the Trust in a claim which challenged the legality of the local authority's Pathway Plan under the 2001 Leaving Care Regulations and the separation of a new born infant from its mother in accordance with the local authority's birth plan.
Rayner v (1) Secretary of State for Home Department (2) Mental Health Review Tribunal (3) Kent and Medway NHS Social Care Partnership Trust  EWHC 1028 (Admin) resisted damages claim on behalf of Third Defendant arising out of alleged breach of Article 5 (4) in respect of delays in producing statutory reports for Mental Health Review Tribunal.
Cooper v Parole Board  represented Parole Board in Article 5 (4) claim in respect of Parole Board's refusal to expedite recall hearing to accomodate prisoner's deteriorating mental health.
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